peyote


peyote
(Sp. model spelled same [pejóte] < Nahuatl péyotl or péyutl 'cocoon of the silkworm')
   A spineless cactus with intoxicating properties (Lophophora williamsii) that Indians use to make a hallucinatory drug. Santamaría references it as a generic name for various cacti, including Ariocarpus retusu, Anhalonium prismaticum, A. elongatum, Mamillaria ariolosa, M. elongata, M. furfuracea, and M. prismatica. However, he indicates that it refers properly to the Lophophora,a spineless species of biznaga that grows to a height of four to six inches, though as little as one-half inch may be visible above the soil, and for this reason it is sometimes called a root rather than a cactus. The plant contains a narcotic substance often studied for its physical and chemical properties. The Aztecs used it as a tonic, spreading it on their legs so that they could withstand long journeys. They also said that anyone who ingested the substance would see visions and be able to predict the future. Santamaría quotes Sahagún, who states that the hallucinatory effects of the peyote drug lasted for two or three days, during which time a person who had taken it had the courage to fight without fear, thirst, or hunger. He notes that it was commonly taken by Chichimeca Indians. See also mescal.

Cowboy Talk. A Dictionary of Spanish Terms. . 2013.

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  • Peyote — ist der Trivialname verschiedener Arten der Kakteengewächse: Lophophora williamsii, aztekische Bezeichnung Peyotl Mammillaria pectinifera Obregonia denegrii Pelecyphora aselliformis Pelecyphora strobiliformis Strombocactus disciformis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • peyote — mescal cactus, 1849, from Mex.Sp. peyote, from Nahuatl peyotl, said to mean caterpillar; the cactus so called from the downy button on top …   Etymology dictionary

  • peyote — 1. cactus del que se obtiene un fármaco alucinógeno, la mescalina. 2. mescalina. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • peyote — sustantivo masculino 1. Planta de efectos narcóticos de la que se obtiene la mescalina …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • peyote — (Del nahua peyotl, capullo de gusano). 1. m. Planta cactácea, de pequeño tamaño, que contiene una sustancia cuya ingestión produce efectos alucinógenos y narcóticos. 2. Droga que se obtiene de esta planta …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • peyote — ☆ peyote [pā ōt′ lpā ōt′ē ] n. [AmSp < Nahuatl peyotl, caterpillar, with reference to the down in the center] MESCAL (sense 3): also peyotl [pā ōt′ l] …   English World dictionary

  • Peyote — Mescalito redirects here. For the Ryan Bingham album, see Mescalito (album). Peyote Peyote in the wild Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • peyote — /pay oh tee/; Sp. /pe yaw te/, n., pl. peyotes / teez/; Sp. / tes/. 1. mescal (def. 3). 2. See mescal button. 3. mescaline. 4. (in Mexico) any of several cacti related to or resembling mescal. [1840 50 …   Universalium

  • Peyote — ► sustantivo masculino BOTÁNICA Planta cactácea, de forma globular, pequeña, de color verde blanquecino, de flores blancas o rosáceas, que tiene propiedades narcotizantes. (Echinocactus williamsii.) * * * peyote (del nahua «peyotl») m. Nombre de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • peyote — also peyotl noun Etymology: Mexican Spanish peyote, from Nahuatl peyotl peyote cactus Date: 1849 1. a hallucinogenic drug containing mescaline that is derived from peyote buttons and used especially in the religious ceremonies of some American… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Peyote —    Name derived from the Nahuatl word peyotl for the buttons of a cactus indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern United States. Its ingestion is central to the rituals of the Native American Church and Huichol (Wixáritari) shamans. Academic and …   Historical dictionary of shamanism